|Dielectric and IR spectroscopy||THz science and technology||Light and neutron scattering||
|Solid-state materials science||
Main activities of Department of Dielectrics cover experimental and theoretical investigations of high-permittivity insulators like liquid crystals, ferroelectrics, multiferroics, piezoelectrics, semiconductor nanostructures, and low-loss materials.
- Dielectric and IR spectroscopy
- THz science and technology
- Light and neutron scattering
- Theory and simulations
- Solid-state materials science
- Liquid crystals
The most significant fresh scientific results of our deparment are listed in the section Highlights.
Domain wall contribution to lattice dynamics and permittivity of BiFeO3
Ferroelectric materials are known for their exceptionally high dielectric permittivity. It turns out, that important part of it originates from a material's complicated microstructure and in particular from interfaces between ferroelectric domains.
Fast polarization mechanisms in uniaxial tungsten-bronze SBN-81
The high-frequency dielectric response of the uniaxial strontium barium niobate (SrxBa1−xNb2O6) crystals with 81% of Sr (x = 0.81) was studied from 1 kHz to 30 THz along the polar axis in a wide temperature interval [E. Buixaderas et al, Sci. Rep. 7, 18034 (2017)]. Relaxor properties were observed in the complex dielectric response and four main excitations were ascertained below the phonon frequencies. These fast polarization mechanisms take place at THz, GHz and MHz ranges and show different temperature evolution.
New type of dimers composed of bent-core molecules connected through their central cores
Structurally new type of dimers composed of bent-core molecules connected through their central cores has been prepared and studied. The switching behaviour in the applied electric field is reported.
Infrared, terahertz and microwave spectroscopy of the soft and central modes in PMN
Analysis of IR and THz spectra using Bruggeman effective medium approach revealed that the mesoscopic structure of Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 (PMN) consists of randomly oriented uniaxially anisotropic polar nanodomains with harder transverse optical polar modes in the direction along the local dipoles.